Mating is a process that involves numerous factors, of which height preference is a valuable characteristic. Researchers have conducted a study that examines the influence of height preferences on actual pairing between individuals. Results from the study have demonstrated evidence of a weak association between desired height and pair formation.
Mating is an important reproductive process that involves the pairing of two individuals. Individuals select specific desired characteristics during pair formation. However, mating may still occur, despite not having the preferred traits. The competition and limited availability of mates are the most prevalent restrictions in mating. Mates try to choose traits that they desire in their prospective partner, although sometimes these preferences are not necessarily exhibited by their partner’s characteristics.
To date, there has been little research in humans regarding the extent that height preferences are exhibited in actual partner characteristics. Height is considered an essential trait during the selection of a potential partner. There are four phenomena based on height preferences: physical characteristics, males should be taller than females, males should not be overtly tall, and individualized preferences. However, height preferences vary between Western and Non-Western populations. A new study has been conducted recently that focuses on height preference in the Western community and investigates the extent of conversion of preferred traits into actual partnerships.
Factors That Influence Pairing
Physical Characteristics: Studies revealed that taller individuals preferred taller mates. Data from a survey by Sphuler and colleagues observed correlations between an individual’s physical height and that of their partner, suggesting that desired height preferences are exhibited in pairings.
Males should be taller than women: Studies demonstrated that ideal partners for females are those who are taller than them. Research has shown that the prevalence of females who are taller than their male counterparts is approximately 0.14%.
Small Male: Female height difference: A study by researchers demonstrated that students prefer that men are 17% taller than women. Moreover, another study suggested that both males and females prefer that males are taller in a relationship but not overly tall. This phenomenon has yet to be thoroughly studied.
Individualized preferences: Women and men use their physical heights as a measure of what they desire in their partners. For example, short men and tall women prefer smaller height differences compared to taller men and shorter women.
Data from a survey in the United Kingdom was collected with 12502 individuals that had available height data. The men in the study were, on average, approximately 14 cm taller than the women. Statistical analysis was performed using random 10,000 samples generated to estimate the parental height differences under random mating. The 10,000 random samples were divided into bins, and the p-values were calculated to compare each bin to the original. In addition, the frequency of observing a bin in the original population was compared to the random mating population.
Physical Characteristics: Results from this study exhibited that with every cm increase in an individual’s height, partner height increased as well. Research from other studies supported this trend, which was indicative of a match between desired height preferences and actual pairings.
Males should be taller than women: Men were taller than women, especially when compared to a random mating population. This rule observed that desired traits were exhibited in future partnerships.
Small Male: Female height difference: Results from researchers displayed that men taller than their partners by more than 25 cm occurred less frequently compared to men 5 to 20 cm taller than their counterparts.
Individualized preferences: Tall men enjoy considerable height differences than shorter men. A random mating population revealed that shorter women and taller men prefer greater height differences compared to taller women and shorter men.
Non mutually exclusive: The four phenomena discussed are not entirely mutually exclusive. In the general population, there was a substantial occurrence of two events: male taller than women or a small male: female height difference. Although they are not mutually exclusive, each phenomenon on its own is independent enough to support the assortative mating principle.
How Can These Findings Be Interpreted?
Researchers investigated whether desired traits in partners are exhibited in actual pairings. Four-phenomena related to height preferences were studied: physical characteristics, men should be taller than women, small men: women height difference, and individualized preferences. Results showed that.
- With every cm increase in an individual’s height, there is an increase in the partner’s height
- Men are more likely to be taller than women
- Women like men to not be overtly tall
- Shorter women and taller men do not prefer considerable height differences.
There are many reasons for the mismatch between desired traits and actual partner traits. Aside from height, there are many other factors that individuals consider when seeking potential mates. Studies have shown factors such as weight, body mass index, eye color, and hair color as equally valued during the selection of a partner.
Non-random pairing can be due to mating differences concerning other characteristics such as education and ethnicity. A higher educational level in partners is correlated to height differences between partners. However, it is improbable that such characteristics contribute to non-random pairing.
In summary, there was a weak association between height preference and pair formation. Results from this study corroborate previous findings that height preferences are rarely exhibited in actual pairings.