Average Height of Adults per Country Based On Latest Data

Average Height

Have you ever wondered what the average height of people from your country is? The following article provides a systematic way to compare the average heights of people across the world.

Distinctions have been made between males and females and between countries per continent. Further below, reasons for differences in height have been outlined and trends over the century have been mapped.

AVERAGE HEIGHT OF MEN AND WOMEN PER COUNTRY

MENWOMEN
CountryHeight in feetHeight in metersHeight in feetHeight in meters
NORTH AMERICA (& its dependent territories)
Barbados5’9”1.755’5”1.65
Belize5’7”1.695’2”1.57
Bermuda5’8”1.735’3”1.61
Canada5’9”1.755’4”1.623
Costa Rica5’7”1.695’1”1.56
Cuba5’6”1.685’1”1.560
Greenland5’9”1.745’3”1.61
Grenada5’10”1.775’5”1.65
Guatemala4’10”1.473
Jamaica5’8”1.7185’3”1.608
Mexico5’6”1.675’1”1.550
Panama5’5”1.654’12”1.520
Saint Kitts and Nevis5’7”1.705’3”1.60
Saint Lucia5’8”1.725’4”1.63
United States of America5’9”1.755’4”1.622
SOUTH AMERICA
Argentina5’9”1.755’3”1.596
Bolivia5’3”1.64’8”1.422
Brazil5’8”1.7315’3”1.588
Chile5’7”1.715’1”1.561
Colombia5’7”1.7065’1”1.550
Ecuador5’4”1.6355’0”1.535
Paraguay5’7”1.695’2”1.584
Peru5’5”1.644’11”1.51
Uruguay5’7”1.705’2”1.580
Venezuela5’7”1.695’3”1.590
EUROPE (Including Transcontinental countries)
Albania5’9”1.745’4”1.62
Austria5’10”1.775’6”1.676
Azerbaijan5’8”1.735’5”1.654
Belarus5’10”1.775’5”1.66
Belgium5’10”1.775’6”1.681
Bosnia and Herzegovina6’05”1.8395’6”1.67
Bulgaria5’9”1.755’4”1.632
Croatia5’11”1.8055’5”1.663
Czech Republic5’11”1.8035’6”1.672
Denmark6’0”1.8265’6”1.687
Estonia5’11”1.7915’5”1.650
Finland5’10”1.775’4”1.630
France5’9”1.7565’4”1.625
Germany5’11”1.815’5”1.650
Greece5’10”1.7835’5”1.660
Hungary5’9”1.755’5”1.640
Iceland5’11”1.795’6”1.676
Ireland5’10”1.785’4”1.635
Italy5’9”1.755’5”1.650
Latvia5’11”1.795’7”1.69
Lithuania5’10”1.7725’6”1.675
Luxembourg5’11”1.7995’5”1.648
Macedonia5’10”1.785’3”1.60
Malta5’7”1.6995’3”1.599
Moldova5’9”1.755’4”1.63
Montenegro6’0”1.8325’5”1.65
Netherlands6’05”1.8385’7”1.699
Norway5’12”1.8245’6”1.670
Poland5’10”1.7875’5”1.651
Portugal5’8”1.7375’4”1.637
Romania5’8”1.7205’3”1.610
Russia5’10”1.7225’5”1.65
Serbia5’12”1.825’4”1.638
Slovakia5’11”1.7945’5”1.656
Slovenia5’11”1.8035’6”1.674
Spain5’10”1.7805’5”1.662
Sweden5’10”1.7795’5”1.646
Switzerland5’9”1.7545’5”1.640
Turkey5’9”1.7405’3”1.589
Ukraine5’9”1.755’5”1.648
United Kingdom5’10”1.7705’4”1.635
ASIA (including Transcontinental countries)
Afghanistan5’5”1.655’4”1.638
Azerbaijan5’8”1.735’5”1.654
Bahrain5’5”1.6515’2”1.542
Bangladesh5’5”1.644’11”1.506
Cambodia5’4”1.6255’0”1.524
China5’6”1.675’2”1.586
Hong Kong5’8”1.7345’2”1.58
India5’5”1.6475’3”1.612
Indonesia5’2”1.5804’10”1.470
Iran5’7”1.7035’2”1.590
Iraq5’5”1.6545’1”1.558
Israel5’10”1.795’5”1.660
Japan5’7”1.7075’2”1.580
Jordan5’8”1.735’3”1.59
Kazakhstan5’7”1.6905’3”1.598
Kuwait5’8”1.735’3”1.60
Laos5’3”1.604’11”1.51
Lebanon5’9”1.755’5”1.650
Malaysia5’5”1.6635’0”1.533
Mongolia5’6”1.6845’2”1.577
Nepal5’4”1.6304’11”1.508
North Korea5’5”1.6565’1”1.549
Pakistan5’7”1.6935’2”1.585
Philippines5’4”1.6194’11”1.502
Qatar5’7”1.7085’3”1.60
Russia5’10”1.7725’5”1.649
Saudi Arabia5’6”1.6895’4”1.625
Singapore5’7”1.7065’3”1.600
South Korea5’8”1.7355’3”1.611
Sri Lanka5’4”1.6364’11”1.514
Syria5’8”1.7305’1”1.563
Taiwan5’7”1.7145’3”1.604
Thailand5’7”1.7035’3”1.590
Turkey5’9”1.7405’3”1.589
Turkmenistan5’8”1.7305’3”1.610
United Arab Emirates5’8”1.7345’2”1.564
Uzbekistan5’9”1.7545’3”1.599
Vietnam5’4”1.6215’0”1.522
Yemen5’4”1.6205’1”1.55
AFRICA
Algeria5’8”1.7225’4”1.620
Burundi5’6”1.685’1”1.55
Cameroon5’7”1.7065’3”1.613
Chad5’8”1.725’4”1.626
Democratic Rep. of Congo5’6”1.685’1”1.56
Egypt5’7”1.7035’3”1.595
Equatorial Guinea5’7”1.695’2”1.58
Eritrea5’7”1.695’2”1.57
Ethiopia5’6”1.685’2”1.576
Gambia5’7”1.6805’2”1.578
Ghana5’6”1.6955’2”1.585
Ivory Coast5’7”1.7015’3”1.598
Kenya5’7”1.715’3”1.59
Libya5’7”1.7135’3”1.605
Malawi5’5”1.6605’1”1.550
Mali5’7”1.7135’3”1.604
Mauritania5’8”1.7205’3”1.607
Mauritius5’7”1.715’2”1.57
Morocco5’8”1.735’2”1.585
Mozambique5’5”1.665’1”1.55
Namibia5’7”1.695’3”1.60
Nigeria5’4”1.6385’2”1.578
Senegal5’9”1.7505’4”1.630
South Africa5’6”1.685’2”1.590
Sudan5’6”1.685’2”1.57
Tanzania5’5”1.665’1”1.56
Tunisia5’8”1.7235’3”1.600
AUSTRALIA & OCEANIA
American Samoa5’9”1.765’5”1.65
Australia5’9”1.7565’4”1.634
Cook Islands5’9”1.755’5”1.64
French Polynesia5’10”1.775’5”1.65
Kiribati5’7”1.705’2”1.58
Marshall Islands5’5”1.644’12”1.52
Micronesia5’7”1.695’2”1.57
Nauru5’6”1.685’1”1.55
New Zealand5’10”1.7705’5”1.64
Niue5’9”1.765’5”1.64
Palau5’6”1.685’2”1.57
Samoa5’9”1.745’4”1.62
Tokelau5’9”1.755’4”1.63
Tonga5’9”1.7615’5”1.66
Tuvalu5’7”1.705’3”1.59

Table 1: Table outlining the average heights of men and women according to country and continent. This information was derived from (http://www.averageheight.co/) and (https://www.worlddata.info/average-bodyheight.php)

AVERAGE HEIGHT OF MEN AND WOMEN PER CONTINENT

ContinentMenWomen
North America5’8” (1.717m)5’3” (1.589m)
South America5’6” (1.685m)5’1” (1.552m)
Europe5’10” (1.781m)5’5” (1.649m)
Asia5’6” (1.686m)5’2” (1.577m)
Africa5’7” (1.696m)5’2” (1.587m)
Australia & Oceania5’8” (1.727m)5’3” (1.610m)

Table 2: Table outlining the average height of men and women per continent. This table was derived from the data present in table 1.

Why are people of different height?

StadiometerAnthropometry which is the study of measurements of the human body has been researched for years. This is owed to the noticeable differences in the height of people from particular regions.

There have been many reasons proposed to explain why some people grow taller than others.

Genetics

Research has shown that height is a heritable trait acquired from an individual’s parents (Bentham et al., 2016). Some studies have reported up to 83 coding variants that are associated with height. These coding variants can cause changes of up to 2 cm/allele (Marouli et al., 2016).

A similar study reported variants associated with height that had effects of up to 0.3-0.6 cm/allele (Gudbjartsson et al., 2008). Another study also reports hundreds of genetic variants that affect adult height (Lango Allen., 2010). Their reports show that the variation in human height is partly owed to genetics.

Diet and Nutrition

Human height is dependent on a human’s food intake and the demands of their body (Deaton, 2007). If there is malnutrition and thus caloric deficiency, human growth and maturation would be delayed causing a shorter stature (Migliano & Guillon, 2012).

Disease Environment

Grow Taller Supplement

Sponsored Ad

A highly stressful disease environment could influence height. This is largely owed to the demands on the body caused by disease (Deaton, 2007). This theory could be supported by the increase in height in Europe and North America over the century (Deaton 2007). The disease environment in both continents decreased during that period.

Mortality and Height

This theory proposes that humans in high mortality regions which have poor nutrition develop faster. The pygmy people of the Congo basin were used as an example (Migliano & Guillon, 2012). High mortality results in early maturation and short stature. Early maturation causes early reproduction in order to ensure survival (Migliano & Guillon, 2012).

Living Standards

A study carried out in 2007 aimed to find out if the economic environment had an impact on height. Average women’s height was recorded from 1950-1980 and it was found that the higher the income, the taller the people group (Deaton, 2007). However, this trend was followed by all continents with the exception of Africa (Deaton, 2007).

Africa had the highest disease rate and one of the lowest incomes but their people were taller than South and Central Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean (Deaton, 2007). This proposes the idea that a higher income may not necessarily mean better nutrition (Deaton, 2007). It also promotes the influence of genetics on human height.

What are the trends in human height?

  • Increase in height in Europe and North America for men and women over the century (Deaton, 2007) (Bentham et al., 2016)
  • Small change in height in Sub-Saharan African countries and South Asia (Bentham et al., 2016)
  • The tallest people over the century have been men from the Netherlands (Bentham et al., 2016)
  • The shortest women over the century have been women from Guatemala (Bentham et al., 2016)
  • Japanese and South Korean men and women and Iranian men have increased in height more than European men (Bentham et al., 2016)
  • South Korean women have gained the most in height between 1896-1996 by 20.2 cm (Bentham et al., 2016)
  • Iranian men have the second-largest increase in height between 1896-1996 by 16.5 cm (Bentham et al., 2016)
  • People living in natural environments in the savanna are taller than people in forests (Migliano & Guillon , 2012)

Fun Facts

  • The tallest man in medical history was Robert Wadlow from America who was 8 ft 11.1 inches (2.72m) tall.
  • The tallest man alive is Sultan Kosen from Turley who is 8 ft 2.1 inches (2.51m) tall.
  • The tallest woman in medical history was Zeng Jinlian from China who was 8 ft 1.75 inches (2.483m) tall.
  • The tallest woman recently was Yao Defen from China who was 7ft 7 inches (233.3cm)
  • The shortest man was Chandra Bahadur Dangi from Nepal who was 21.5 inches (54.6cm) tall.
  • The shortest woman alive is Jyoti Amge from central India who is 2 ft 0.6 inches (62.8cm)

Conversation

Want to live your best life?

Get the Gilmore Health Weekly newsletter for health tips, wellness updates and more.