More men may have a reason to go under the knife for aesthetic reasons after researchers found in a study that plastic surgical procedures on the face may boost perception of attractiveness, likability, and reliability.
Many people consider facial plastic surgery a thing mainly for women who wish to keep away signs of aging. However, there is evidence that more men are taking interest in maintaining or having a good look. This is making more males to consider having facial nip and tucks.
Estimate has it that men now make up about a fifth of the people seeking facial cosmetic surgery. However, their aims for having such procedures typically differ from those that drive women into undergoing them.
A study done at Georgetown University Medical Center looks to stimulate interest in these procedures all the more among men. Researchers found that facial plastic surgery positively alters how other people perceive men who undergo it.
Findings show that the surgery makes men appear more attractive and likable. It can also benefit their social skills and make them seem more worthy of trust.
“Our findings suggest that both men and women undergoing facial cosmetic surgery can experience not only improved perception of attractiveness,” said senior researcher Michael J. Reilly, MD, “but other positive changes in society’s perception of their persona.”
Reilly noted that the tendency to judge people by their facial appearance likely has its roots in evolution. Research also suggests that assessing people based on their appearance has a link to survival instinct.
The study appeared in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.
How the research was carried out
Reilly and his study co-author, Steven P. Davison, MD, performed facial cosmetic surgery on 24 men, paid for their own procedures, in the study. The procedures carried out were face lift, neck-lift, rhinoplasty (nose job), brow-lift, chin augmentation, upper blepharoplasty (upper eyelid lift), and lower blepharoplasty (lower eyelid reduction).
The men had one or more of these procedures. They agreed for their “before and after” photographs to be used for research purposes.
The Georgetown University cosmetic surgeons designed six surveys, with each having four before and after photos (eight in total). None of the surveys contained the before and after photos of a single subject.
Next, the researchers asked some participants (not the subjects) to review the photographs. These participants, who numbered more than 150, were mostly white, college-educated, and aged 25-34. They did not know the goal of the study.
What the participants simply needed to do was to indicate what they thought about the personality traits, attractiveness, and masculinity of the subjects.
The personality traits assessed were aggressiveness, likability, extroversion, and risk-seeking. Others were sociability and trustworthiness.
The researchers also put together an intricate “multivariate linear mixed model” that enabled them to evaluate the reaction of the participants to each surgical procedure. They observed that facial cosmetic surgery improved perception of the men.
Chin augmentation was the only procedure that did not seem to change perception of personality, attractiveness, and masculinity.
The research team found that facial plastic surgery significantly enhanced overall perception of attractiveness, likability, trustworthiness, and social skills. However, they also observed that the different procedures produced varying effects.
The findings suggest that people who desire to improve how likable and trustworthy others find them can consider having upper eyelid or face-lift procedure. Lower eyelid reduction makes a person appear less like the risk-taking type. Nose job enhances attractiveness.
Brow-lift makes a person look like an extrovert and increases perception of risk-taking. Neck-lift improves perception of extroversion and masculinity.
“It is really interesting that different anatomic areas of the face have varying degrees of contribution to overall personality perception,” Reilly said.
Based on the findings, the board-certified facial plastic and reconstructive surgeon noted that most procedures currently available for men do not enhance masculinity. By contrast, he found in a study of 30 white female subjects that most procedures significantly enhanced feminine characteristics.
Reilly stated that further research is crucial for enhancing patient outcomes the more.