Scientists Discover an Approach Where Cholesterol Is Used in Myelin Regeneration

Cholesterol, although viewed in a negative light at some point, has proven of extreme importance in our electrochemical stimulation process. The aftereffect of myelin sheath regeneration are numerous, but crucially, the major component of regeneration (cholesterol) has to be recycled or made anew. Scientists led by Gesine Saher discovered that in chronic damages, recycling of cholesterol is nearly impossible leaving the production of brand new cholesterol as the only option. The nerve cells aid the assisting glia in the de novo synthesis of cholesterol for myelin sheath regeneration. This is another big step in the health sector, providing immeasurable hope for myelin disorders like multiple sclerosis.

A Neuron

A Neuron

Read Also: Northwestern University Researchers Restore Mobility in Paralyzed Mice with Severe Spinal Cord Injury

What was done in the study?

When a nerve gets damaged, the first part to be affected is the cholesterol and lipid layer. This leaves the myelin with no insulator, and likewise the nerve with no myelin. In this acute phase, phagocytes in the brain collect cholesterol from defective myelin, reprocess it, and send it to the cells forming the new myelin. This process gets slow and complicated as the patient ages and is almost impossible when the disorder lasts longer and becomes chronic. This is because as time passes the phagocytes, which are very necessary for the process, develop into foam cells that are not needed in the recycling cycle. To top it, in chronic situations the frequent degeneration process leads to a permanent state of “naked” for affected nerve cells. Gesine Saher, however, believes that in this exact situation, the production of cholesterol from other sources begins.

Read Also: Researchers Use Fenofibrate an Old Cholesterol-Lowering Drug to Reverse Spinal Injury

Knowing the body strongly defends itself against itself, the team went full-board on extensive research on the body’s counter-attack on the destruction of cholesterol and lipids in the nervous system. The results of the research rested on the fact that in carrying it the normal body processes, the body subconsciously repairs the cholesterol issue with chronic myelin disorders. They used Pharmacological myelin-defective mouse models. They noticed the neurons supply the outrageous demand of cholesterol by small synthesis, and taking in lipid-rich lipoprotein. The climax of this research was the finding, that in the acute degeneration, the cholesterol production was on a decline; but the total reverse happens in the chronic state.

Read Also: Multiple Sclerosis Breakthrough: Targeting Microglia in the Brain Could Help Reverse the Disease

To clearly understand this implication, the team disabled the gene factor of neurons and myelin-forming cells in cholesterol synthesis. The result shows very minimal progress in regeneration of myelin sheaths; but in neurons and myelin-producing cells without this inactivity, the progress of regeneration for myelin sheaths was on an uptrend. They treated these mice with a cholesterol-enriching diet and observe positive performance in myelin regeneration.

Clinical application

Clinically, this team is developing a clinical therapy approach for patients with myelin disorders. This approach is to address acute and chronic situations simultaneously, although they have different repair mechanisms.

Conclusion

As usual, every new finding paves way for another finding and also makes medical diagnostics more accurate. However, the clinical challenge for this topic would be a skyrocket if successfully achieved. It would address many myelin disorders and neurodegenerative disorders.

Read Also: Discovery Might Have Major Implications for the Regeneration of Aging Brains in Healthy Persons

References

Neuronal cholesterol synthesis is essential for the repair of chronically demyelinated lesions in mice

 

FEEDBACK:

Conversation

Want to Stay Informed?

Join the Gilmore Health News Newsletter!

Want to live your best life?

Get the Gilmore Health Weekly newsletter for health tips, wellness updates and more.

By clicking "Subscribe," I agree to the Gilmore Health and . I also agree to receive emails from Gilmore Health and I understand that I may opt out of Gilmore Health subscriptions at any time.