Root Canal Latest Facts: Definition, Purpose, Procedure and Complications

Before the advent of endodontic treatment, the only method for managing fractured, contaminated, or abscessed teeth were extraction. Thankfully, root canal therapy will now readily and conveniently cure any of these illnesses or injuries.

A root canal also known as endodontic treatment is the procedure of removing contaminated, damaged, or dead pulp from your tooth. 

Read Also: 10 Important Tips for Proper Dental Health After Having Dental Implants

What is dental pulp?

Pulp is a connective tissue mass that lies under the dentin layer in the middle of the tooth. The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves, fibers, and connective tissue, and it connects the underlying tissues and extends from the crown of the tooth to the tip of the roots.

Removing Infected Pulp

Copyright: Bruce Blaus.

On the other hand, the root canal is the part of the pulp cavity that stretches from the canal orifice to the apical foramen, and its configuration varies depending on the size, shape, and number of roots in each tooth.

How does pulp become damaged?

The pulp can be damaged in a variety of ways that include tooth decay, gum diseases, injury to the tooth by accident.

Root Canal Procedure

First, the dentist will take an X-ray to see the shape of the root canals and see if there is evidence of inflammation in the surrounding bone. If endodontic treatment is indicated, the endodontist will administer a local anesthetic to numb the region.

After that, to separate the tooth, a rubber sheet is wrapped around the tooth. The pulp chamber and root canals are then cleaned using very small tools from an opening made in the crown of the tooth. Root canals are filled with a rubber-like substance called gutta-percha after they have been thoroughly cleaned and formed. This prevents bacteria from entering this space again. Finally, after endodontic treatment is completed, the endodontist installs a crown or other restoration on the tooth to return it to full function.  

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