Even though we know more about Covid-19 now the extent of its potential damage is still unclear. It has been shown that people with coronary heart disease or high blood pressure are at greater risk of getting the disease and developing severe symptoms, leading to hospitalization. Researchers also found that the new coronavirus can cause heart damage even in patients who do not have heart problems. The virus could cause kidney problems in patients who previously had none, and was found to have long-term effects.
“The virus is present in the kidneys, and there have been several scientific publications about this,” said Brad Rovin, director of nephrology at Ohio State University. In many cases, these patients, who have never had kidney disease before, develop severe kidney damage. Depending on the severity and duration of infection during the fight against Covid 19, these patients may develop chronic kidney failure.
He cited a Chinese study showing that many patients’ urine contained large amounts of protein and blood, again suggesting that the virus is going directly to the kidneys.
Patients with severe kidney failure do not have the same immune system as other patients.
Indeed, patients who did not have kidney problems before may develop kidney problems after being affected by Covid-19, but those who are already vulnerable at this level are more likely to become seriously ill. This includes patients with diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, patients who may have kidney failure, and patients who need dialysis or a transplant.
“In addition, patients with severe kidney failure do not have the same immunity as others,” he said. They are also patients for whom social distancing is impossible. Many of these patients must go to the hospital three times a week for dialysis which puts them in proximity to others who may be infected. All of this creates an explosive cocktail for patients at risk, especially in the face of this pandemic,” Brad Rovin said.
Strict confinement is necessary
Since the beginning of the Covid-19 epidemic, people with chronic kidney disease have been at higher risk and are advised to abide by social distancing as much as possible: avoid all outings, including grocery shopping, and avoid contact with people from outside. Dialysis and transplant patients may take time off work because of the risk of becoming seriously ill. Make sure that family members living under the same roof as the patient are also completely confined (if they cannot work from home, propose that they stop working).
Chronic kidney failure is usually caused by diabetes or high blood pressure and is characterized by a decline in kidney function that prevents the body from properly filtering the blood.
Acute kidney failure, on the other hand, can occur when normal kidney function is compromised due to severe dehydration, severe infection, or exposure of the kidneys to harmful substances. It can also complicate the progression of chronic kidney disease. It is characterized by a sudden cessation of function of both kidneys. When there is not enough blood supply to both kidneys, they do not function properly. In other words, the water and ions in the body become unbalanced, making it impossible for the body to expel waste products. Eventually, it can lead to death.