Gonorrhea: Latest Facts, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Symptoms in men

Typical symptoms of infection in men include:

  • Burning sensation when urinating as a result of inflammation of the urethra
  • White, green, or yellow discharge from the penis
  • Swollen or painful testis

gonorrhea can affect the eyes, anus, mouth, or joints. Infants who are infected may develop vision-threatening conjunctivitis.

Gonorrhea Trends

Gonorrhea is a very common sexual infection. It accounted for roughly 88 million of the 448 million new, yearly cases of curable STIs, according to a 2012 report by the World Health Organization (WHO).

The incidence is greater among women, compared to men. Most of these infections occur during the early years of adulthood.

In the United States, gonorrhea is the second-most common bacterial STI. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states in the 2018 Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance report that there were 583,405 reported cases during the year.

Since dipping to an all-time low in 2009, the incidence of gonorrhea has been increasing almost every year. Cases rose by more than 82 percent between that year and 2018.

Diagnosis of Gonorrhea

In the past, laboratory professionals made use of culture and Gram stain for diagnosis. But nucleic acid amplification (NAA) tests are now the gold standard for testing. Methods based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR), in particular, are becoming increasingly popular.

Using a urine sample or swab, PCR tests seek for genes that are peculiar to the bacterium that causes gonorrhea.

Doctors mainly use cultures to establish what antibiotics would be best for tackling the infection in recent times.

With a service such as STDCheck, it is a lot easier getting tested for gonorrhea and other STIs these days. You simply need to produce a little urine sample and take it to any of about 4,500 centers nationwide. Also, you don’t have to wait around at the center – just drop your sample and wait for results via email after 1-2 days.

STDCheck uses an FDA-cleared NAA test for diagnosis.

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