What Is Dental Restoration?
Dental restorations are the conjunction of different materials and techniques performed in which a tooth or teeth can be repaired or replaced. Its aim is to recover the form, function, and esthetic.
According to the type of dental damage and how it compromises its structure the treatment, and materials to implement will be different.
Dental restorations are either direct or indirect. Direct dental restorations involve placing a material immediately into a prepared tooth cavity, while indirect restorations involve fabricating a rigid substance outside the mouth and placing it in or on a prepared tooth.
What are the types of dental restorations?
Dental restoration varied according to the type of material used, the number of pieces to replace or repair and the technique implemented.
A tooth filling is a procedure that involves inserting material into a compromised or decayed tooth to preserve its form and function. Depending on the substance used, there are several kinds of fillings.
- Gold fillings are made up of a mixture of gold and other metals such as silver and copper. It is a strong material and long-lasting. However, its cost is expensive.
- Amalgam is a mercury-based alloy containing other elements. Some of its benefits are that it is less expensive, long-lasting, strong, and resistant. On the other hand, it is not an accurate alternative for visible areas due to its dark color. Additionally, some studies expose its toxicity and the possible implications in human health.
- Dental composites are tooth-colored resin fillings with silica or porcelain particles. It can be used both on the front teeth or on the molars. Its esthetic appearance is the main advantage over conventional dental amalgam.
- Inlays and Onlays are porcelain fillings that are custom-made in a lab and then bonded to the tooth.
Veneers are thin shells that are bonded to the front surfaces of teeth. These restorations change the color, texture, scale, and size of the teeth. Veneers are often made of porcelain or composite resin.
Porcelain veneers usually need at least two dental visits, while composite resin veneers may be completed with one session.
Dental crowns are a form of a fixed prosthesis that is used to repair teeth that have multiple damaged surfaces, such as fractures or tooth decay. Crowns help to restore form and size, as well as strength and appearance. Furthermore, it may be used to support a bridge or to cover a dental implant.
Crowns are presented in a number of materials, including all-metal, porcelain-fused-to-metal, and all-ceramic crowns.
Removable partial dentures, fixed bridges, and dental implants are also choices for tooth replacement where natural teeth are absent.
A bridge is a dental restoration that substitutes one or more missing teeth. It is also known as a “fixed bridge” or a “fixed dental prosthesis.” It is made up of an artificial tooth inserted between two crowns. Bridges are used to replace one or more missing teeth, occupying the space left by them.
Dentures are removable artificial teeth and gums that substitute the original teeth and gums. A dentist or prosthodontist can recommend dentures to replace missing teeth in cases of few healthy teeth or none at all due to an injury, illness, or poor oral health care. Dentures are divided into two categories: partial and total.
- Partially dentures, known as removable partial denture prostheses or partials, consist of one or two artificial teeth fixed in place by clasps attached to natural teeth nearby. They can be used when nearby teeth are not strong enough to support a dental bridge or when more than a few teeth are absent.
- Complete dentures are also known as false teeth or full dentures. They’re used after all of the natural teeth have been lost. These dentures are removable, so suction holds them in place.
A dental implant is a titanium-based artificial root. It is implanted into the jawbone to replace the natural tooth’s root. The implant is attached to an artificial tooth replacement. The implant serves as a stable anchor for the replacement tooth.
What are some of the advantages of dental restorations?
Teeth that are missing or decayed may harm your well-being and appearance. Replacing decayed teeth improves the dental structure, reduces plaque accumulation, and eliminates dental discomfort or pain. Also, It’s important to fill empty gaps in the mouth to keep teeth aligned, improve their appearance, and enhance the chewing.
What are the risks or complications of dental restorations?
Even if the whole treatment was flawlessly executed and the care and monitoring activities were meticulously carried out, risks and injuries are still a possibility.
Between the diverse issues that can occur following the permanent cementation of dental restorations are:
- Detachment of dental crowns or dental bridges
- Pain, sensitivity, and discomfort
- Chipped restorations
- Changes in the color of the restoration
- Gingival recession and gum disease
What is the expectation for the longevity of a dental restoration?
Depending on the type of dental material used, the average lifespan of dental restoration can vary. Some materials can long 4 to 7 years, others long more than 15 years. These are averages and not a guarantee. It’s essential to take proper care of the restorations to get as many years from them as possible and have regular dental appointments to verify their stability.
How do you take care of dental restorations?
Take care of your restorations as you would your natural teeth. Additionally, consult your hygienist or dentist and ask them to teach you cleaning care and habits that you should have according to the type of restoration you have. For example, learn how to floss under your dental bridges or wash your dentures after eating.
Take good care of your teeth by brushing them every day and visiting your dentist for regular cleanings.
Canadian Dental Association. Retrieved 18 May 2021, from http://www.cda-adc.ca/en/oral_health/talk/procedures/fillings/
Canadian Dental Association. Retrieved 18 May 2021, from http://www.cda-adc.ca/en/oral_health/talk/procedures/crowns/
Canadian Dental Association. Retrieved 18 May 2021, from http://www.cdaadc.ca/en/oral_health/talk/procedures/bridges_dentures/
Canadian Dental Association. Retrieved 18 May 2021, from http://www.cdaadc.ca/en/oral_health/talk/procedures/dental_implants/
Jirau-Colón, H., González-Parrilla, L., Martinez-Jiménez, J., Adam, W., & Jiménez-Velez, B. (2019). Rethinking the Dental Amalgam Dilemma: An Integrated Toxicological Approach. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(6), 1036. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061036