Could Mouthwashes Replace Masks in the Prevention of COVID-19?

Antiseptic mouthwash ingredients also have virucidal properties that may reduce the viral load in the droplets delivered by patients infected with Sars-CoV-2 coronavirus. But is this theoretical effect sufficient to represent a real means of prevention?

Mouthwash

Mouthwash

What if a good mouthwash could give us fresh, virus-free breath? This hypothesis is put forward in a new study published in the medical journal Fonction on 14 May 2020. The researchers examined the effect of the main ingredients in mouthwashes (ethanol, chlorhexidine, cetylpyridinium chloride, hydrogen peroxide, and povidone-iodine) on viruses.

Read Also: A Cure for the Coronavirus? Chinese Lab Believes It Has Found a Treatment to Stop the Pandemic Without a Vaccine

“Sars-CoV-2″ is an enveloped virus characterized by an outer lipid membrane originating from the host cell from which it is derived. However, existing mouthwash formulations interfere with this lipid membrane,” explain the authors, who call for a clinical evaluation of these products as a means of prevention.

The throat and saliva, sites of high coronavirus replication

“Previous studies have shown that the throat and salivary glands are sites of virus replication and transmission in the early phase of COVID 19 disease and in asymptomatic patients,” the authors said. Studies have shown that virus particles can survive up to three hours in the air in aerosol form. Therefore, scientists believe that a healthy person could theoretically become infected by inhaling contaminated droplets when a person carrying the virus coughs or speaks.

Hence the idea of reducing the viral load in the mouth by using mouthwashes to limit the transmission of the virus. “The CDC recommends that patients rinse their mouths before going to the dentist to reduce the risk of transmission,” said Valerie O’Donnell, head of the Department of Infection and Immunity at Cardiff University and co-author of the study.

Read Also: How the Coronavirus Epidemic Saved Thousands From Dying From the Flu

Alcohol can temporarily kill the virus on oral surfaces, as would a glass of vodka, whiskey, rum, and tequila.

But we still have a long way to go before a mouthwash makes a mask unnecessary. “In the short term, these products could reduce the spread of the virus to close family contacts,” says Eric Bortzn, a biologist at the University of Alaska Anchorage. Alcohol can temporarily kill the virus on oral surfaces, just like a glass of whiskey, rum, or tequila,” Bortzn said. “But in a highly infected person, the infected pharyngeal cells may also produce more virus,” he added. And the mouth is not the only place where the virus is transmitted. The nose and throat are also important places where the virus multiplies and spreads.

A special anti-COVID mouthwash

The virucidal effect of mouthwashes has only been demonstrated in vitro. Therefore, testing under real conditions is essential to determine whether mouthwashes can actually prevent the spread of the coronavirus, the authors of the British study themselves stress. “These tests could include existing products or formulations specifically designed against sars-cov2, they suggest. This is an under-researched area with significant clinical need.”

Read Also: Coronavirus Pandemic: The Flip-Flops of the Scientific Community

In the meantime, the use of the mask in confined or high-density areas remains strongly recommended. To remove any ambiguity, the manufacturer of Listerine® mouthwash has in fact posted a warning on its website stating that its product “has not been tested for coronavirus and that we should follow WHO prevention measures: wash hands, maintain social distance, and avoid touching your mouth and nose.

References

Potential role of oral rinses targeting the viral lipid envelope in SARS-CoV-2 infection

Understanding Detergent Effects on Lipid Membranes: A Model Study of Lysolipids

Related Articles

Do HIV Drugs Help Against COVID-19?

How Does Virus Affect Survivors of the Severe Forms of the Disease?

Coronavirus Treatments: Schweppes Tonic and Canada Dry Do Not Contain Chloroquine

Are Masks Effective in the Fight Against the Coronavirus Epidemic?

Guideline to Self-Quarantine During the Coronavirus Outbreak

Gilmore Health

Study Shows That the Coronavirus Can Also Be Spread Through Fecal Matter

Conversation

Want to live your best life?

Get the Gilmore Health Weekly newsletter for health tips, wellness updates and more.

By clicking "Subscribe," I agree to the Gilmore Health and . I also agree to receive emails from Gilmore Health and I understand that I may opt out of Gilmore Health subscriptions at any time.