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There are numerous anabolic steroids out there for those who dare to use them. These substances are known to be most effective when it comes to achieving certain fitness goals. However, the results will differ from one substance to the other, mainly due to their chemical composition.
We assess one of these steroids, Anavar, in this article. Why does it seem to be so popular?
The generic name of Anavar is oxandrolone. It belongs to the class of compounds known as androgen and anabolic steroids (AAS). Oxandrolone is a derivative of the testosterone bi-product dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
This drug is a synthetic androstane steroid. It is an altered form of DHT, replacing a C2 carbon with an oxygen atom. Oxandrolone has close relations with certain other steroids, such as stanozolol, oxymetholone, and mestanolone.
Anavar is an androgen receptor agonist, just like other AAS, such as testosterone and DHT. But it is more anabolic than androgenic when you compare it to some other similar compounds. The drug is thought to be six times more potent than testosterone in terms of anabolic effect, but significantly lower in androgenic potency.
Oxandrolone was first synthesized in the early 1960s at Searle Laboratories, which Pfizer now controls. It was released as a pharmaceutical drug under the name Anavar a few years later.
The drug was in the good books of the United States Food and Drug Administration until it gained popularity for unapproved purposes. This would lead to its discontinuation by Searle Labs in the late 1980s.
Oxandrolone was re-released in the mid-1990s by Bio-Technology General Corporation (later known as Savient Pharmaceuticals). The company made it available under the brand name Oxandrin. The FDA granted it orphan drug status on the second release.
Anavar was originally used for the treatment of involuntary weight loss. It helps promote muscle regrowth in an individual who might have lost muscle mass as a result of certain medical disorders. It was used to fight weight loss resulting from medical issues, such as trauma and chronic infections.
In addition, it has been shown that oxandrolone can be beneficial to people suffering from osteoporosis. It is thought to help relieve bone pain in these cases, improving bone density as well.
Anavar appears to be more popular for non-medical purposes than for the treatment of genuine medical disorders. The drug is a favorite among bodybuilders, athletes, and others desiring aesthetic goals.
What benefits do these otherwise healthy individuals hope to achieve?
Oxandrolone has a reputation for its anabolic potency – that is, the ability to promote rapid muscle growth. Although it promotes weight gain, the weight in question here is not fat, but lean muscle mass.
But this does not mean the steroid is the best when it comes to muscle growth, forget the high anabolic rating. The point is that it can help in this regard. It becomes even more appealing because users do not need to worry about water retention.
Observation shows that Anavar could be more efficient when it comes to cutting. It helps to strip fat from the body and protect lean muscle. Professional bodybuilders typically use it during their cutting cycles. This way, it helps to burn fat at a more efficient rate while also ensuring you do not lose lean muscle mass as well.
Anavar falls in the class of performance enhancers. It makes athletes perform better and last longer. The compound promotes greater strength. It gives athletes more power and speed too.
The steroid helps to promote faster recovery following workouts. It boosts your energy levels and reduces how fast you get tired. As a result, you stand a better chance of training harder and longer. It is not surprising then that it is a doping agent in sports.
How to Use
Anavar is an oral medication. For medical purposes, the typical daily dose is between 5 mg and 10 mg. The highest amount you can take per day is about 20 mg. It is taken in on/off cycles, as is usually the case with steroids. For instance, after using it for about three weeks, you may stay off it for 2-3 weeks.
As would be expected, the minimum dose for bodybuilders and athletes is usually higher. The daily dose for these groups of users can range from 20 mg to 50 mg. This can even be much higher for some users.
The safe level of Anavar is about 10 mg to 15 mg per day for women.
It is not uncommon for bodybuilders and athletes to stack steroids. You can stack Anavar with some other substances as well.
For men, a major recommendation for stacking is testosterone. Why? This is probably the most efficient of all AAS. It is also important because natural production typically suffers from the use of anabolic steroids.
Other anabolic steroids men can stack Anavar with include:
Women can also stack this steroid with Winstrol. Anavar stacks well with Primobolan, Clenbuterol, Nolvadex, and HGH.
Typically, these stacks are used for about 6-8 weeks.
This steroid is one of a handful of AAS that is permitted for the treatment of medical conditions in the U.S. It is a Schedule III controlled substance under the Controlled Substances Act. You will only be able to get it from a pharmacy if you can present a prescription.
The implication of this is that those looking to get it for non-medical purposes are in for a tough time. This is more so considering the supply is low, including on the black market. As a result, it is more costly than many other steroids, even counting the highly popular Dianabol.
You should watch out for product misrepresentations if you decide to use Anavar. These poor-quality products, usually, will come at more pocket-friendly prices.
Regardless of how easy or hard it is to get, you are likely going to be prosecuted if you are found in possession of Anavar in the U.S. and certain other countries without a requisite prescription.
Risks and Side Effects
Now, those who use steroids for bodybuilding and performance enhancement tend to do so at higher doses. This puts them at greater risk of experiencing something unpleasant or disturbing.
It is worth mentioning, though, that Anavar ranks among the most well-tolerated anabolic steroids available. This is a major reason for its high popularity among users. It also explains why women can use it.
Side effects can still occur; the risk only reduces significantly.
A concern when using Anavar, especially at higher doses, is its effect on testosterone production. But this is not something you should worry much about because it’s milder than most other steroids. Stacking with testosterone will still be a good idea, though.
A more serious risk has to do with the potentially harmful effect on the liver. It can lead to hepatotoxicity. That is, it can be toxic to your liver. This means you may need to avoid it if you already have issues affecting the organ.
Perhaps, the most worrying of all Anavar side effects is the potential to bring about cardiovascular problems. It is common knowledge that oxandrolone suppresses high-density lipoprotein (HDL or “good” cholesterol) while increasing low-density lipoprotein (LDL or “bad” cholesterol), increasing the risk of stroke and heart disease.
As a result of using Anavar, a person may also observe effects such as:
You should strive not to use Anavar for a very long time, particularly when taking it in higher amounts. The longest advisable duration of use at a time is 8 weeks. Follow this with a sufficiently long break for your body to normalize before thinking of going another round.
Anavar is an anabolic steroid that can help you get faster results when aiming for an impressively muscular build. It is especially beneficial when it comes to cutting. It promotes fat-burning while helping to preserve lean muscle mass.
However, some people may be better off with a legal, natural Anavar alternative. Such could be a better option when looking to avoid the associated legal risks and side effects.
You should also consider improving the amount of growth hormone in your body. This natural substance delivers numerous benefits, including those of Anavar.
Sheffield-Moore, M., Urban, R. J., Wolf, S. E., Jiang, J., Catlin, D. H., Herndon, D. N., Wolfe, R. R., & Ferrando, A. A. (1999). Short-term oxandrolone administration stimulates net muscle protein synthesis in young men. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 84(8), 2705-2711. https://doi.org/10.1210/jcem.84.8.5923
Drugs.com. (2023). Oxandrolone Monograph for Professionals. Retrieved from https://www.drugs.com/monograph/oxandrolone.html